Friday, June 24, 2016

Nochixtlán, Oaxaca, Chiapas- is it really about oil and gas and mining?

 Translated with Google from here 
The slaughter of Nochixtlán, Oaxaca where 11 people were killed, more than a hundred were wounded and 18 were taken from a funeral to be presented as arrested by the Federal Police, not only shows the serious democratic setback that lives Mexico, where a demonstration civil responds with the use of firearms heavy gauge despite being banned to discourage any social protest in international protocols.

They also show the inability of Education Secretary Aurelio Nuño, to engage in dialogue and make educational reform that includes actors teaching-learning process fully in promoting education in Mexico.

But Beyond releasing a communication channel, what are the underlying reasons for the Mexican government will act in this way? What hidden and open interests are expressed behind this slaughter? Why the savaging of federal police against the people of Nochixtlán ?, because this place ?. Let us try to approach an answer.

Peña Nieto's government made a series of constitutional amendments with its structural reforms that are to enable the dispossession of land in rural and indigenous areas of Mexico. Unlike the reform of the 90 foreign capital can now fully invest and through national hydrocarbons law to establish schemes are bonded -so definen- where farmers can receive an income only for oil exploration, gas and minerals. It is defined in this regard as priority use energy and mineral food under production or livestock. This reform has progressed strongly in northern states of the country and particularly in Veracruz. Dispossession and effects on health by mining and fracking (exploitation of oil and gas through the fracture of the earth with high pressure water) already live and be felt in many regions of Mexico.

But it is in the southern states and southeastern Mexico, where agrarian tradition is more strongly where capital faces resistance and resolute opposition to their interests. Coincidentally 1. June a few days before the repression in Oaxaca Decree of Special Economic Zones through which spaces for transnational capital (ECT) that would allow them to build infrastructure enclave necessary for the exploitation and export of mineral resources are built was given, energy (such as wind power already installed in the Oaxacan isthmus) and biofuels that have relevantly these areas.

Therefore, what takes place in the state of Oaxaca is the process of breaking down social and community fabric through violence (siege common) would allow the use and full provision of these areas to the dynamics of accumulation by dispossession they have foreign mining companies and domestic and foreign capital were auctioned in rounds 1 and zero last year.

This is serious, if we look at a map can think that this process of erosion and violence of the ordinary, start strongly in the state of Michoacan with full control of drug trafficking in many territories (remember the Michoacan family and massacres of Apatzingan and Tanhuato) under tackles Guerrero Iguala where the slaughter of students showed Ayotzinapa alliances of political power with drug trafficking and mining gold mining in the region. And now comes to Oaxaca precipitously with this news goes around the world. This trend towards the south makes us the question: After Oaxaca, follows a new slaughter in Chiapas then? At bottom this logic Shock -retomando to Naomi Klein looking deterritorialise these spaces, that is, that people leave their other productive and campesindia rationality logic (Bartra) to fully impose their status as employees and agricultural subordination to the needs of transnational financial capital.

The head of the federal police and ultimately responsible for the slaughter of Oaxaca, Enrique Galindo, short and a long list of violent evictions and extrajudicial executions. He led the eviction of teachers socket Mexico City in 2013 with several beaten and gassed. On 20 November 2014 the expulsion of the socket also led the big demonstration that the parents of the missing students Ayotzinapa. Under his leadership the elimination of self-defense in Apatzingan Michoacan, leave 16 dead in January 2015 and Tanhuato were killed 43 people accused of drug traffickers.

Therefore, you can not say that Galindo has no experience in the subject. It was something coldly calculated what happened in Oaxaca on Sunday, which was not anticipated that would film activating firearms, which still denied to date.

Nochixtlán, Oaxaca according to studies by the Ministry of Economy government EPN has a mining potential dating from the colonial era to the case of gold and silver mines of El Dorado and La Soledad and since the middle of last century for Manganese . It has five areas of minerals that are Huaclilla-El Parian, Buenavista, Jaltepec, Jalpetongo and La Joya. It maintains one of the highest averages of ore per ton obtaining in that territory and there is a potential for exploitation of gas. And it is area link between mining areas of the Oaxacan Mixteca where private companies like AHMSA Northern Minerals group have begun exploitation of iron ore, affecting the rights of indigenous peoples.

According to information from the Secretariat of Energy of the federal government more than 15 percent of the Oaxacan territory -more than one million hectares is already leased to mining companies for exploration and exploitation. Among these they include foreign and Mexican companies such as Golden Trump Resources SA de C.V., Linear Gold Corp, Arco Resources Corp., Zalamera, S.A. de C.V. Chesapeake Gold Corp subsidiary, Portland Cement Cruz Azul, SCL, Fortuna Silver-Continuum Resources, Compania Minera del Norte, Aurea Mining Inc., Linear Metals Corp, Radius Gold, Silver Mining Company Real, Newcoast Silver Mines LTD, Aura Silver Resources Inc- Intrepid Mines Ltd.

Already in February this year residents of 48 communities and representatives of 30 organizations demanded the cancellation of 400 concessions and 35 mining projects in indigenous areas of Oaxaca, civil organizations such as EDUCA, Legal Tequio, Union of Organizations of the Sierra Juárez of Oaxaca and Service the Mixe, among others, supported this statement.

Criminalizing and kill members of organizations like the Indigenous Front of Binational Organizations (FIOB), the Council for the Defense of People's Rights (CODEP), the Popular Revolutionary Front (FPR) or the Commune of Oaxaca, among other organizations only has the aim of terrorizing the state and to fully carry out mining activities with its consequent effects on life and indigenous culture, the environment, health and social relationships.

The strategy in the sense of territorial division is something they have done political parties, but in this particular fight the teachers have had to face, and unite the people of the different regions of Oaxaca, Chiapas and Guerrero, where fighting not it is strictly for educational claims but moved already to the defense of the territory, life and ecology. Perhaps that is what detected the federal forces in Oaxaca and wanted to give this coup that would break those social and community self ties.

Read more here.(In Spanish)

La masacre de Nochixtlán, Oaxaca donde 11 personas perdieron la vida, más de cien quedaron heridas y 18 fueron sacadas de un funeral para ser presentadas como detenidas por la Policía Federal, no sólo muestra el grave retroceso democrático que vive México, donde a una manifestación civil se responde con el uso de armas de fuego de calibre pesado pese a estar prohibidas para disuadir cualquier protesta social en los protocolos internacionales.

También muestran la incapacidad del secretario de Educación, Aurelio Nuño, para entablar un diálogo y realizar una reforma educativa que incluya a los actores del proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje plenamente en el impulso de la educación en México. 



After 10 days of highway blockades, shortages of fuel, food, medications and cash are becoming evident in Oaxaca, where the economic costs of protests by teachers and allied organizations are now estimated to total 2.7 billion pesos, or US $148 million.

There were 18 blockades reported to be in place two days ago.

Today, despite talks between teachers and the federal government in Mexico City last night, there are three more.

21 highway blockades today in Oaxaca 
Food, fuel shortages reported as teacher protests continue -

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